Home > Uncategorized > HongHu and on to Wuhan – August 9th

HongHu and on to Wuhan – August 9th

World Wildlife Fund – Wetland Restoration Project

Posted by Kathryn Berry, Bisi Miao and Rui He

Team Heron and Hong Lake.

Today we woke up just before 7am and had a delicious breakfast at the hotel. At approximately 8am we met with the Mr Wen of the WWF (World Wildlife Fund) in Hubei Province. We drove to a local aquaculture lake (Hong Lake) to observe the restoration project, and to discuss the issues facing aquaculture farmers, such as the use of enclosure net pens. There were many net pens used in this area, which has destroyed much of the biodiversity in the lake. The surrounding wetlands are not regulated, and still use net pens. The efforts of the WWF have resulted in the increase in wetlands, the overall quality of the water, and the economic situation for the farmers. We also discussed methods of habitat assessment, and ways to measure data in the field. Since students in this course have a variety of backgrounds, it was great to have a long discussion on the merits of developing a regulated aquaculture area. We identified several local species and thought about some of the impacts of invasive species on aquaculture farms. In the end, we left with a deeper understanding of what it meant to truly assess a habitat and develop sustainable management regulations for an area.

8月9日,我们6点多起床,在宾馆吃了不错的早餐。在大约8点的时候,我们与湖北省世界自然基金会的温老师碰面。温老师带我们去洪湖参观“洪湖湿地保护与恢复工程”,并讨论了关于当地渔民进行围栏网养殖的话题。在过去,洪湖的大部分水域都被渔网覆盖,这导致了洪湖的生态危机。在世界自然基金会的努力下,洪湖的湿地逐渐开始恢复,洪湖水的水质明显好转,达到了国家二级标准,当地渔民的经济状况也随生态系统的改善得到提高。在观察过程中,我们学习了一些关于栖息地评估的技术及土地分析(学习了水及土地的评估技术)。由于我们是来自不同国家的学生,可以从不同方面讨论关于开发湿地恢复的好处。在这个过程中,我们还鉴别了一些当地的物种,并思考了关于外来入侵种对当地的影响。通过这次参观,我们对于如何进行生境评估及如何合理利用土地有了很深的体会。

Aquaculture pond along the channel from the Yangtze to HongHu.

One of the topics that we covered was the impact of the Conservation area on the local fish, crab, and vegetation farmers. When the government decided to create this reserve the farmers were given several options: they could relocate their practice, alter their methods, or they could sell their entire property and supplies to the government in return for a job in the service sector. Jobs in the service sector generally include tourism and restaurant work. Obviously, farmers had mixed feelings when this project first began. Over time, however, the overall quality of the product increased.

在我们的话题中涉及到了保护区中鱼、蟹的保护及当地渔民的生计问题。在当地政府决定建立保护区时, 给予了当地渔民很多的选择。一部分愿意上岸的渔民,政府会对其进行培训,并帮助他们找到工作,如旅游服务行业等,同时也会对他们进行一定的补偿。另一些渔民可以继续进行鱼类养殖,政府会在实验区划分一小部分水域。在这项工程刚开始实施时,渔民们有很多担忧,但是随着工程的进行,当地的生态居住环境得到改善,产鱼的质量得到提升,给渔民带来了很好的经济效益,旅游业也得到了发展。

We observed the stretch of the Yangtze River from Hong Hu to Wu Han and thought about the changes in amount of flow and flow regime due to the Three Gorges Dam Project. The project actually allows for regulation of floods, making them less severe and more predictable. The surrounding area is actually lower than the river bed, which made floods detrimental to the local farms in the past. Nowadays, the dykes act as an artificial barrier between the Yangtze and the flood plain.

A new toad enthusiast.

在参观完洪湖后,我们开始前往武汉。在这段路途中,我们在观察长江流域的同时,思考了由于三峡工程所带了的长江水体的变化。三峡工程使得洪水的情况得到了控制,各地的受灾情况得到了改善。长江水位的高度低于以往,在途中我们看到了曾经被淹的农田及房屋。如今,三峡大坝就如同一座人工阻隔桥梁使得长江和洪水地区得到了阻隔。

While on our trip to Wu Han we were stopped by a road blockage. After the recent floods, the locals started to protest the small amount of compensation given to them by the government. These protests have lead to some arrests, and they decided to block the main road as a form of protest. Despite our disappointment, the fact that there is a protest is truly amazing here. This could not have happened ten years ago. Yet another sign of China’s developing society. We have witnessed incredible things here, and certainly the remainder of the trip will promise more great experiences.

另外在前往武汉的途中,我们遇到了交通阻隔。据了解,是由于前段时间的洪水,当地的农民开始对于政府应当给予他们的补偿进行维权活动。这种维权活动导致一些警察的制止,农民们选择阻隔主要的交通道路来以示抗议。所以我们只能无奈的选择了其他更远的道路前往武汉。这种突发事件让我们看到了洪水对于百姓的不利影响,也引起了我们很多的思考。我想,我们的旅程将会让我们获得更多的宝贵经验。

GPS track of travels on August 9th.

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